Disabilities in the Classroom
(Information for Parents, Teachers, and Students)
What is a learning disability?
A disorder in basic psychological
processes involved in understanding or using language, spoken or
written, that may manifest itself in an imperfect ability to listen,
think, speak, read, write, spell or use mathematical calculations. The
term includes conditions such as perceptual disability, brain injury,
minimal brain dysfunction, dyslexia, and developmental aphasia.
Quick Facts About Learning Disabilities
- Caused by difficulty with the nervous system.
- Affects receiving, processing, and/or communicating information.
- May run in families.
- Some children with a learning disability may also be hyperactive,
unable to sit
still, easily distracted, and/or have a short attention span.
- Learning disabilities are treatable, but not curable.
For further info view the Amecian Academy of Child and Adolescent
Psychiatry website at:
Most Common Learning Disabilities
Speech and Language Disorders
Affect 5 General Areas
- Spoken language
- Written language
Parents should be aware of these signals, when a child:
- has difficulty understanding and following instructions.
- has trouble remebering what someone just told him.
- fails to master reading, spelling, writing, and/or math
- fails schoolwork.
- has difficulty distinguishing right from left
- has difficulty identifying words or has a tendency to reverse
letters, words, or numbers.
- lacks coordination in walking, sports, or small activities.
- easily loses or misplaces things.
- cannot understand the concept of time.
For further info visit the American Academy of Child and Adolescent
Color the dyslexics world:
Other sources for parents:
can a parent do?
- Color can help your dyslexic child with their writing and
- Color helps with letter and word reversal, eye stain, copying,
Teachers are an essential
link between children with learning disabilties and the interventions
and services that can help them. There is no student with a learning
disability who cannot learn, if a teacher has received appropriate
training and is willing to spend the time, using his or her expertise
to reach and teach that child.
To most effectively help children with
learning disabilities, teachers should:
- Know the warning signs.
- Particiipate in ongoing workshops and staff development programs.
- Design a learning profile of each student.
- Develop effective teaching techniques
- Some Examples:
- Always gain a students attention before giving directions or
- Call the student by name to alert them and help them focus.
- Use visual aids.
- Write assignments on the board or provide the student with a
list of assignments.
- Make sure that students with learning disabilites have enough
time to answer questions.
- Change testing procedures when necessary.
- Provide individualized intsruction.
- Provide a structure for learning
- Build the self esteem of students with learning disabilites.
- Meet with and continually work with parents to discuss their
child's problems and achievements at school.
- Understand the laws and procedures that regulate special
<>Advocate on behalf of your students (LD Online).
A lot of kids with learning
disabilites do not like school. It is not fun to have problems
learning, especially when most of the other kids are not having
problems. This could be why so many children with learning disabilities
get into trouble at school. Gary L. Fisher, Ph.D. has written The
Survival Guide for Kids with LD. Here is a summuray of ten ways to get
along better in school:
- When things get tough, talk to someone.
- Keep your head up and tell the truth about being a person with
LD. It is nothing to be ashamed of.
- Find a hobby or sport and become an expert at it.
- Take part in school activities.
- Learn as much as you can about LD.
- Make friends.
- Be a helper.
- Stay out of trouble.
- Know how to relax and cool off.
- Do not use LD as an excuse!
For more about Dr. Fisher and his book visit site.
The Survival Guide for Kids With LD
Sources for students:
Planning for Students with Learning Disabilites
Succeeding with LD: 20 True Stories About
Real People With LD
working together will create success for teachers, parents, and
students. Do not get discouraged, there are resources everywhere to
obtain information about learning disabilities.
Website created by Cara Elliott and
Erika Hudson in CI 3850
Appalachian State University